Clinical Assistant Professor Louanne Bakk and colleague publish, "Awareness of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy among Older non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics"

Published August 2, 2018

Louanne Bakk

Congratulations to Clinical Assistant Professor Louanne Bakk and her colleague on the publication of their article, "Awareness of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy among Older non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics," in Social Work in Public Health.

Bakk, L. & Cadet, T. (2018). Awareness of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy among older non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics. Social Work in Public Health.

Abstract

Using nationally representative data from the Health and Retirement Study, this study examined (1) whether awareness of the Medicare Part D Low-Income Subsidy (LIS) varies by race and ethnicity among beneficiaries age 65 and older (N = 1,504), and (2) the impact of factors associated with health benefits knowledge and need for assistance on LIS awareness. Logistic regression results showed that compared with older non-Hispanic Whites, older non-Hispanic Blacks (odds ratio [OR] = .61, p < .001) and Hispanics (OR = .55, p < .01) were less likely to be aware of the LIS. Ethnic differences in LIS awareness were largely explained by language or Spanish-speaking preference (OR = 1.07, = .808). However, accounting for demographics, health and socioeconomic status, and language did not reduce racial disparities (OR = .63, p < .01). Differences in LIS awareness among racial and ethnic minority groups highlight the need for culturally and linguistically sensitive community-based education, communication, programs, and services that increase knowledge of and access to this critical support.