Congratulations to Assistant Professor Patricia Logan-Green and
co-authors on the publication of their article, "Childhood
Adversity Among Court-Involved Youth: Heterogeneous Needs for
Prevention and Treatment," in the Journal of Juvenile
Logan-Greene, P., Kim, B.K.E., & Nurius, P. (2016).
Childhood adversity among court-involved youth: Heterogeneous needs
for prevention and treatment. Journal of Juvenile Justice.
Although experiences of trauma and adversity are highly
prevalent among juvenile justice–involved youth, few studies
examine the heterogeneity of these histories across individuals.
This study seeks to inform practitioners of the distinct patterns
of adversity among this vulnerable population, using an expanded
measure of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). Latent Class
Analysis was employed to test for meaningful subgroups of youth
based on histories of childhood adversity. The sample (N =
5,378) consisted of youth on probation in a western United States
county. The best-fitting model contained six classes, described as:
Low All (40.3%), Parental Substance Use and Incarceration (12.0%),
Poverty and Parental Health Problems (13.2%), High Family Conflict
and SES (socioeconomic status) (15.3%), High Maltreatment (11.0%),
and High All (8.1%). Additional testing revealed significant
differences across classes in terms of age, gender, race/ethnicity,
and living situations. Results strongly support the need to
incorporate a trauma-informed framework into both juvenile justice
and community service settings as well as to tailor interventions
to meet heterogeneous needs of court-involved youth. Striking
variation in the forms and levels of childhood adversity argue for
the value of screening for ACEs in conjunction with poverty and
working to interrupt problematic trajectories in adolescence and
the transition to adulthood.