Trauma-Informed Care

Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) is a model for providing agency wide services that acknowledge the likelihood that those seeking services have experienced some form of trauma during their lifetime. 

The Role of Trauma in Mental Health Treatment

Research on Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) demonstrates that trauma is a risk factor to the development of many problems such as various psychiatric disorders, addictions, physical health ailments, behavioral disorders, suicidal behavior, personality disorders and violent behavior.

The methods employed by professionals can play a critical role in their clients' recovery. SAMSHA outlines the following three trauma-informed care competencies for professionals to integrate into practice.  

Trauma-Informed Approach

  1. Realize the global impact of trauma and the various methods for recovery. 
  2. Recognize the signs and symptoms of trauma in all individuals.
  3. Integrate knowledge of trauma into policies, procedures and practices.
  4. Actively work to prevent re-traumatization. 

SAMSHA Six Key Principles

  1. Safety.
  2. Trustworthiness and transparency.
  3. Peer support.
  4. Collaboration and mutuality.
  5. Empowerment, voice and choice.
  6. Cultural, historical and gender issues.

Trauma-Specific Interventions

  1. Clients need to be treated respectfully, involved and remain hopeful in their recovery.
  2. The relationship between trauma and the symptoms of trauma are recognized and understood. 
  3. Work collaboratively with the client, their family and other agencies to empower clients.